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10 Software Programming Languages in 2018: What You Need to Know

If you think becoming a software developer is your ticket to financial freedom, you’re not alone.

Code academies are sprouting everywhere, and promising students the moon.

But before you invest your precious cash, be a savvy consumer.

Know which are six-figure software development skills, and also where to learn them (if you stick with me till the end, I’ll point you to the legit coding schools that I trust.


There is a huge need in the job market today for highly skilled JavaScript programmers. But if you learn advanced JavaScript frameworks like Node.js, Backbone and Angular after you’ve become a Java pro, you can earn even more. If you’re the type of person who likes to constantly learn new things and stay on top of the latest innovations, you will earn much more than others who let their skills stagnate. This is a fast-moving field, so be prepared to be updating your skills as technology changes. The average salary for a Java programmer is $88,000, and there is a possibility of working from home or remotely in many cases. Tech companies tend to be more flexible about timings. You can also get hired as a consultant if you desire more flexibility.

Source: Flickr

#2: .NET

There are many companies using .net pioneered by Microsoft. .NET Framework is a software framework developed by Microsoft that runs primarily on Microsoft Windows.Both Java and .NET languages are based on a computer language called C though, so switching between them is easy and there are many other languages based on C out there.

You can’t go wrong with either but right now, Java programmers are in higher demand. .NET experts earn around $74,000 per year on average.

To be completely honest, if you want to master programming, it’s good to know multiple languages. Most CTOs hire employees who can solve problems, communicate and collaborate well. When you show up, do you bring your best self to work? That work ethic is as important as your programming skills.


Web applications contain frontend code and backend code that a database can easily recognize. Python is one of these back-end languages used for general-purpose programming. A Python developer earns an average of US$103,492 but keep in mind that when you know Python, you also know a lot of other software development languages.


Learning to build a modern web application using Ruby on Rails makes it much easier and more fun. Rails, is a server-side web application framework written in Ruby and provides default structures for a database, a web service, and web pages. Ruby on Rails developers earn an average of US$108,065 but there are around 2700 jobs available nationwide (versus 7700 Python jobs).

#5: PHP

This is a server-side scripting language designed for web development but also used as a general-purpose programming language. It is free, open source and server-side (the code is executed on the server).


The national average salary for a Junior Devops Engineer is $106,095 in United States. You serve as the link between development and IT operations. The AWS Certified DevOps Engineer sets up, operates, and manages distributed application systems on the AWS platform. Amazon offers a certification for this skill here: These jobs pay upward of $100,000 if you have the certification, and in some areas, as high as $150,000.


A cybersecurity professional has the knowledge and skills to defend computer operating systems, networks and data from cyber attacks. This field is in high demand right now because of the number of virus and malware attacks and the risk to corporations. Entry-level positions pay $67,000 but your salary can go up to $90,000 once you gain experience.


Hadoop is an open source, Java-based programming framework that helps processing and storage of very large data sets in a distributed computing environment. You can learn more here:



Virtualization is technology that allows you to create multiple simulated environments or dedicated resources from a single, physical hardware system. Network functions virtualization (also Network function virtualization or NFV) is a network architecture concept that uses the technologies of IT virtualization to virtualize entire classes of network node functions into building blocks that may connect, or chain together, to create communication services. Software-defined networking (SDN) is an umbrella term encompassing several kinds of network technology aimed at making the network as agile and flexible as the virtualized server and storage infrastructure of the modern data center. (via Wikipedia).


I know this will be counter to what most people would say, but if you know how to use legacy programming systems or know your way around mainframes, many big companies will happily hire you. However, keep in mind, that eventually these legacy languages will be phased out and you should learn other programming languages that are more current as well. AS400, Delphi, Cobol, are legacy programming skills that are still used at major companies.

Still have questions? Send me a note and I’ll do my best to point you in the right direction!

We are releasing our list of recommended coding academies soon. If you would like to be notified when we publish it, let me know below (write CODE ACADEMY in the comments).

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